[Background] Segregation distortion (SD) is a common phenomenon among stable or segregating populations, and the principle behind it still puzzles many researchers. The F2:3 progenies developed from the wild cotton species of the D genomes were used to investigate the possible plant transcription factors within the segregation distortion regions (SDRs). A consensus map was developed between two maps from the four D genomes, map A derived from F2:3 progenies of Gossypium klotzschianum and G. davidsonii while Map B from G. thurberi and G. trilobumF2:3 generations. In each map, 188 individual plants were used.
[Results] The consensus linkage map had 1 492 markers across the 13 linkage groups with a map size of 1 467.445 cM and an average marker distance of 1.037 0 cM. Chromosome D502 had the highest percentage of SD with 58.6%, followed by Chromosome D507 with 47.9%. Six thousand and thirty-eight genes were mined within the SDRs on chromosome D502 and D507 of the consensus map. Within chromosome D502 and D507, 2 308 and 3 730 genes were mined, respectively, and were found to belong to 1 117 gourp out of which 622 groups were common across the two chromosomes. Moreover, genes within the top 9 groups related to plant resistance genes (R genes), whereas 188 genes encoding protein kinase domain (PF00069) comprised the largest group. Further analysis of the dominant gene group revealed that 287 miRNAs were found to target various genes, such as the gra-miR398, gra-miR5207, miR164a, miR164b, miR164c among others, which have been found to target top-ranked stress-responsive transcription factors such as NAC genes. Moreover, some of the stress- responsive cis-regulatory elements were also detected. Furthermore, RNA profiling of the genes from the dominant family showed that higher numbers of genes were highly upregulated under salt and osmotic stress conditions, and also they were highly expressed at different stages of fiber development.
[Conclusion] The results indicated the critical role of the SDRs in the evolution of the key regulatory genes in plants.
[Title]Genetic map construction and functional characterization of genes within the segregation distortion regions (SDRs) in the F2:3 populations derived from wild cotton species of the D genome
[Authors] KIRUNGU Joy Nyangasi, MAGWANGA Richard Odongo, SHIRAKU Margaret Linyerera, LU Pu, MEHARI Teame Gereziher, XU Yuanchao, HOU Yuqing, AGONG Stephen Gaya, ZHOU Yun, CAI Xiaoyan, ZHOU Zhongli, WANG Kunbo & LIU Fang
Journal of Cotton Research 2020, 3: 32