[Background] Cotton fiber yield is a complex trait, which can be influenced by multiple agronomic traits. Unravelling the genetic basis of cotton fiber yield-related traits contributes to genetic improvement of cotton.
[Results] In this study, 503 upland cotton varieties covering the four breeding stages (BS1–BS4, 1911–2011) in China were used for association mapping and domestication analysis. One hundred and forty SSR markers significantly associated with ten fiber yield-related traits were identified, among which, 29 markers showed an increasing trend contribution to cotton yield-related traits from BS1 to BS4, and 26 markers showed decreased trend effect. Four favorable alleles of 9 major loci (R2 ≥ 3) were strongly selected during the breeding stages, and the candidate genes of the four strongly selected alleles were predicated according to the gene function annotation and tissue expression data.
[Conclusion] The study not only uncovers the genetic basis of 10 cotton yield-related traits but also provides genetic evidence for cotton improvement during the cotton breeding process in China.
[Title] Association mapping and domestication analysis to dissect genetic improvement process of upland cotton yield-related traits in China
[Authors] GUO Chunping, PAN Zhenyuan, YOU Chunyuan, ZHOU Xiaofeng, HUANG Cong, SHEN Chao, ZHAO Ruihai, YANG Qingyong, ZHU Longfu, SHAHZAD Raheel, MENG Fande, LIN Zhongxu & NIE Xinhui
Journal of Cotton Research 2021, 4: 10