Amal S. Owis
Cotton Research Institute, ARC, Giza, Egypt
Cotton is the most important strategic crops in Egypt and plays a major role in the Egyptian national economy, because it is an important source of raw material in cotton textile industry as well as being a source for the production of cottonseed oil and used in animal feeding. Cotton stalks produced as a byproduct of post-harvest with large quantities of thousands of tons annually, causing many problems such as: 1. the farmer storing it on the roofs of the houses, causing fires when the wind coming, 2. or burning it causing signiﬁcant environmental problems, which lead to spread of many human diseases, 3. on the other hand, cotton stalks contain eggs and larvae of pink boll worm, which remain dormant until cultivating the next crop, causing serious damage on the cotton crop.
Globally perception of the plant wastes during the past decades was changed, the thinking is shifting from search for ways to control it and minimize its damage to use it as source of income. Nowadays control of the plant waste does by using different treatment types such as biological or chemical or physical methods.
In Egypt the common way to get rid of cotton stalks are by burning it, which causing environmental problems. So this article will show how nowadays in Egypt thought regarding transforming it to some useful and economical products such as organic fertilizer (compost) , animal feed (silage) , Wood , cellulose derivatives and Charcoal, …..etc.