[Background] DNA methylation is an important epigenetic factor that maintains and regulates gene expression. The mode and level of DNA methylation depend on the roles of DNA methyltransferase and demethylase, while DNA demethylase plays a key role in the process of DNA demethylation. The results showed that the plant’s DNA demethylase all contained conserved DNA glycosidase domain. This study identified the cotton DNA demethylase gene family and analyzed it using bioinformatics methods to lay the foundation for further study of cotton demethylase gene function.
[Results] This study used genomic information from diploid Gossypium raimondii JGI (D), Gossypium arboreum L. CRI (A), Gossypium hirsutum L. JGI (AD1) and Gossypium barbadebse L. NAU (AD2) to Arabidopsis thaliana. Using DNA demethylase genes sequence of Arabidopsis as reference, 25 DNA demethylase genes were identified in cotton by BLAST analysis. There are 4 genes in the genome D, 5 genes in the genome A, 10 genes in the genome AD1, and 6 genes in the genome AD2. The gene structure and evolution were analyzed by bioinformatics, and the expression patterns of DNA demethylase gene family in Gossypium hirsutum L. were analyzed. From the phylogenetic tree analysis, the DNA demethylase gene family of cotton can be divided into four subfamilies: REPRESSOR of SILENCING 1 (ROS1), DEMETER (DME), DEMETER-LIKE 2 (DML2), and DEMETER-LIKE3 (DML3). The sequence similarity of DNA demethylase genes in the same species was higher, and the genetic relationship was also relatively close. Analysis of the gene structure revealed that the DNA demethylase gene family members of the four subfamilies varied greatly. Among them, the number of introns of ROS1 and DME subfamily was larger, and the gene structure was more complex. For the analysis of the conserved domain, it was known that the DNA demethylase family gene member has an endonuclease III (ENDO3c) domain.
[Conclusions] The genes of the DNA demethylase family are distributed differently in different cotton species, and the gene structure is very different. High expression of ROS1 genes in cotton were under abiotic stress. The expression levels of ROS1 genes were higher during the formation of cotton ovule. The transcription levels of ROS1 family genes were higher during cotton fiber development.
[Title]Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of DNA demethylase family in cotton
[Authors] YANG Xiaomin, LU Xuke, CHEN Xiugui, WANG Delong, WANG Junjuan, WANG Shuai, GUO Lixue, CHEN Chao, WANG Xiaoge, WANG Xinlei & YE Wuwei *
Journal of Cotton Research. 2019, 2: 16